Tuesday, December 10, 2019

The Fossil Fireplace - Leptaena Brachiopods


A very unique fireplace exist in a house in the city of Louisville Kentucky, USA. It was created by local geology professor from various fossil finds throughout his lifetime. I took a number of pictures of it and will blog about them in the near future. I am looking for documentation on a number of the specimens before hand there but I thought I would start with something I have not seen before.


The Leptaena brachiopod is a familiar sight when studying fossils from the Paleozoic Era. I have found this fossil creature in Ordovician, Silurian, Devonian and Mississippian Periods rocks (a range of over 150 million years). What I have not seen is a large number of them in a mass mortality plate like the one pictured. I assume it is why it was chosen to go in the fireplace. A very nice find!


Monday, December 9, 2019

Gennaeocrinus kentuckiensis Crinoid Calyx Fossil


This fossil appears to be a Gennaeocrinus kentuckiensis (Shumard) crinoid calyx fossil. It was found in the Jeffersonville Limestone of Jefferson County, Kentucky USA. This layer dates to the Devonian Period. Wow, this fossil has a very nicely preserved outer pattern!

Document used to identify the fossil was Memoir 16 The Devonian Crinoids of the State of New York by Winifred Goldring, The University of the State of New York, 1923. Page 558? description of plate 31 on page 228?. One of the specimens used to describe fossil is listed as from collection of Doctor Springer and found at Hamilton Shale of Falls of the Ohio, Louisville, Ky. Also listed is a American Museum Natural History number 4162 found at Bear Grass creek in Louisville, Ky.

Thanks to Kenny for image and discovering this fossil.

Sunday, December 8, 2019

Rhodocrinus nodulus Crinoid Calyx Fossil


This fossil appears to be a Rhodocrinus nodulus (Hall) crinoid calyx fossil. It was found in the Jeffersonville Limestone of Jefferson County, Kentucky USA. This layer dates to the Devonian Period.

Document used to identify the fossil was Memoir 16 The Devonian Crinoids of the State of New York by Winifred Goldring, The University of the State of New York, 1923. Page 488 description of plate 2 on page 89. Specimen used to describe fossil is listed as from collection of Doctor Springer and found at Hamilton Shale of Falls of the Ohio, Louisville, Ky.

Thanks to Kenny for image and discovering this fossil.

Saturday, December 7, 2019

Polyaxons strongylasters Sponge Spicule Fossils


These images are of Polyaxons strongylasters sponge spicule fossils. They were found trapped in cavities in Halysites coral fossils and a microscope is needed to see them. The images have a 1-2mm field of view.

The fossils were found in the Louisville Limestone of Jefferson County, Kentucky USA. This layer dates to the Silurian Period.

Thanks to Kenny for images and discovering them with his microscope.


Thursday, December 5, 2019

Campanile anachoreta Gastropod Fossil


This image is of a Campanile anachoreta gastropod fossil. This animal existed in the Cretaceous Period. Fossil was discovered in Thebaid, Egypt.

Picture taken at Museo di Geologia e Paleontologia Florence Italy (Università degli Studi di Firenze) in August 2019.

Wednesday, December 4, 2019

Hemiaster heberti Fossils


This image is of Hemiaster heberti echinoid fossils. These animals existed in the Cretaceous Period. Fossils were found in Thebaid, Egypt.

Picture taken at Museo di Geologia e Paleontologia Florence Italy (Università degli Studi di Firenze) in August 2019.

Tuesday, December 3, 2019

Lyria figarii Gastropod Fossils


This image is of Lyria figarii gastropod fossils. These animals existed in the Cretaceous Period. Fossils were discovered in Thebaid, Egypt.

Picture taken at Museo di Geologia e Paleontologia Florence Italy (Università degli Studi di Firenze) in August 2019.

Sunday, December 1, 2019

Spirifera marhlini Brachiopod Fossil


This image is of a Spirifera marhlini brachiopod fossil. The animal existed in the Silurian Period. Fossil was discovered in Dudley, Scotland.

Picture taken at Museo di Geologia e Paleontologia Florence Italy (Università degli Studi di Firenze) in August 2019.

Saturday, November 30, 2019

Orthoceras annulatum Cephalopod Fossil


This image is of an Orthoceras annulatum cephalopod fossil. The animal existed in the Silurian Period. Fossil was discovered in Dudley, Scotland.

Picture taken at Museo di Geologia e Paleontologia Florence Italy (Università degli Studi di Firenze) in August 2019.

Friday, November 29, 2019

Halysites catenulatus Coral Fossil


This image is of a Halysites catenulatus coral fossil. The animal existed in the Silurian Period. Fossil was discovered in Dudley, Scotland.

Picture taken at Museo di Geologia e Paleontologia Florence Italy (Università degli Studi di Firenze) in August 2019.

Thursday, November 28, 2019

Favosites forbesi Coral Fossil


This image is of a Favosites forbesi coral fossil. The animal existed in the Silurian Period. Fossil was discovered in Dudley, Scotland.

Picture taken at Museo di Geologia e Paleontologia Florence Italy (Università degli Studi di Firenze) in August 2019.

Wednesday, November 27, 2019

Gissocrinus goniodactylus Crinoid Fossil


This image is of a Gissocrinus goniodactylus crinoid fossil. The animal existed in the Silurian Period. Fossil was discovered in Dudley, Scotland.

Picture taken at Museo di Geologia e Paleontologia Florence Italy (Università degli Studi di Firenze) in August 2019.

Tuesday, November 26, 2019

Shark Vertebrate Fossil


These images are of shark vertebrate fossils. The animal existed in the Pliocene Epoch. Fossils were discovered near Siena Italy.


Picture taken at Museo di Geologia e Paleontologia Florence Italy (Università degli Studi di Firenze) in August 2019.

Monday, November 25, 2019

Sus strozzii Fossil


This image is of the head of a Sus strozzii wild boar fossil. The animal existed in the Pleistocene Epoch. Fossil was discovered in 1867 near Vacchereccia, Upper Valdarno, Italy.


Picture taken at Museo di Geologia e Paleontologia Florence Italy (Università degli Studi di Firenze) in August 2019.

Tuesday, October 29, 2019

Ancyloceras Heteromorph Ammonite Fossils





Fossils in picture are Ancyloceras heteromorph ammonite fossils. They date to the Cretaceous Period (115 million years ago) and were found in Morocco. The fossils were on display at a northern Indiana USA museum.


The museum is called Joshua Tree Earth and Space Museum and is located at 106. S. Michigan Street, Lakeville, Indiana. Admission is free but they could use the donations. They are open 10 AM to 6 PM daily and can be reached at 574-784-2291.

Thanks to Kenny for the image.

Sunday, October 27, 2019

Joshua Tree Earth and Space Museum


Recently, my cousin was in northern Indiana and visited a unique mineral and fossil museum. The museum is called Joshua Tree Earth and Space Museum and is located at 106. S. Michigan Street, Lakeville, Indiana. Admission is free but they could use the donations. They are open 10 AM to 6 PM daily and can be reached at 574-784-2291.

Image above shows a number of crinoid fossils that all are from the Mississsippian (Carboniferous) Period. Two on the far left are Halysiocrinus from Montgomery County Indiana, the four in the middle are crinoid float balls (used for buoyancy) found in Monroe County Indiana.


The museum was opened in 2006 by Terry Boswell in honor his dead son Joshua. It features meteorites, fossils and minerals. They have an extensive meteorite collection.

Image below is a polished slice of the South Bend Meteorite found by farmer in Indiana in 1893. It is of type stony iron pallasite. The main specimen was acquired by the Field Museum in Chicago.

Next image is of  Moldavite tektites found in Czech Republic and associated with Nordlinger Reis Crater of Germany (14 million years old).


Below is a picture of a large sand fulgurite caused by lightning strike. The lightning generates intense heat (5x hotter than sun's surface) and pressure which fuses the silica sand into these root like shapes. This one is re-assembled across a large section of floor.


As in most mineral museums, they have a fluorescent minerals display.


Learn more at their internet site: Facebook Page and this article in the South Bend Tribune

Thanks to Kenny for the images. 

Friday, October 18, 2019

Callograptus indianensis Graptolite Fossil


Here are some pictures of a Callograptus indianensis graptolite fossil. It was found in Kentucky and dates to the Mississippian Period. First image field of view is 2 cm and 2nd is 5mm.

Thanks to Kenny for the images.


Monday, October 14, 2019

Zamia gigas Plant Fossil






This image is of a Williamsonia (aka Zamia) gigas cycad fossil. The plant existed in the Jurassic Period. Fossil was discovered in Scarborough, England, United Kingdom.


Picture taken at Museo di Geologia e Paleontologia Florence Italy (Università degli Studi di Firenze) in August 2019.

Learn more at Wikipedia.

Sunday, October 13, 2019

Gingko huttoni Plant Fossil


This image is of a Gingko huttoni plant fossil. The plant existed in the Jurassic Period. Fossil was discovered in Scarborough, England, United Kingdom. Gingko is considered a living fossil by Western science once it was found thriving in an area of central China.

Picture taken at Museo di Geologia e Paleontologia Florence Italy (Università degli Studi di Firenze) on August 2019.

Saturday, October 12, 2019

False Cypress Cone Fossil


This image shows a false cypress cone fossil found in the Florissant Formation of Teller County, Colorado, USA. It dates to the Eocene Epoch of the Paleogene Period. Thanks to Kenny for the microscope image. Field of view on image is 8 mm.

Tuesday, October 8, 2019

Dance Fly Fossil


This image shows a Diptera (Dance Fly) insect fossil found in the Florissant Formation of Teller County, Colorado, USA. It dates to the Eocene Epoch of the Paleogene Period. Thanks to Kenny for the microscope image. Field of view on image is 4 mm.

Learn more about this order of insect here:
http://www.fossilmuseum.net/Fossil_Galleries/Insect_Galleries_by_Order/Diptera/Diptera.htm

Sunday, September 29, 2019

Stolen Canadian Ammolite Fossil

Picture of ammolite fragment from Lethbridge Canada, shown here for reference. This piece was not stolen but available to see on Wikipedia. Attribution: James St. John [CC BY 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)]

CTV News Calgary Canada reported on July 18, 2019 that thieves stole serving plate sized ammonite fossil from their quarry. The fossil once prepped and polished is estimated to be worth around $30,000-40,000 U.S. The quarry is near Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada and is operated by Enchanted Designs Limited.

What makes the fossil so valuable is that it is composed of a organic gem like material ammolite. Ammolite is a biogenic gemstone like pearl and amber. The material comes from the ancient shells of cephalopods. More than likely the fossil was a Placenticeras sp. from the Cretaceous Period (70-75 million years ago). The creatures swam in what was known as the Western Interior Seaway which stretched from today's Arctic Ocean, through western Canada and United States and down to the Gulf of Mexico.

Below is an embedded video of the story when some nice images of the quarry and what raw and finished ammonite fossils look like from the quarry. If the video is not showing up, go to this link to view: https://calgary.ctvnews.ca/lethbridge/video?clipId=1733413&binId=1.1484062&playlistPageNum=1


Read about the story at this link:
https://calgary.ctvnews.ca/50k-fossil-stolen-in-noon-hour-heist-from-ammonite-mine-near-lethbridge-1.4514504

Saturday, September 28, 2019

Yellow Ammonite Fossils


In the previous post, I wrote about a visit to Sant Ignazio Roman Catholic Cathedral in Rome, Italy. I found some ammonite fossils in the floor slabs. The last post was about the red fossils, this one is about the yellow ones. I believe this yellow stone is referred to as Ammonitico Giallo. Fossils from this layer are from the Jurassic Period.



Under the crest is some text embedded in the stone, it looks like roman numerals MDCCXLVII which convert to 1747 in decimal. If that is the year of installation then 272 years ago as of this writing.



On the Internet is a waymarking web site that documented this find. They are similar to the ones I found at St. Peter's Basilica in Rome.


Monday, September 23, 2019

Ammonite Fossils in St. Ignazio Church - Rome


Recently while visiting Sant Ignazio Roman Catholic Cathedral in Rome, Italy I found some ammonite fossils in the floor slabs. After researching on the Internet, there is a waymarking web site that documented this find. They are similar to the ones I found at St. Peter's Basilica in Rome.



The ammonite fossils are embedded in a number of red and yellow polished limestone slabs in the floor. The slabs are in the main floor of the church, the left side section of church with a statue, and the yellow stone on a crest toward the center floor of the church. They appear to be Rosso Ammonitico Lombardo (red polished limestone). This stone is dated to the Jurassic Period. I am not sure about the yellow stone, it might be Ammonitico Giallo. I hope to have a post about this in the near future.
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Saturday, September 21, 2019

Amussium cristatum Pelecypod Fossil


This image is of an Amussium cristatum pelecypod fossils. The creatures existed in the Pliocene Epoch and were found in Orciano, Pisano, Tuscany, Italy. Picture taken at Museo di Geologia e Paleontologia Florence Italy (Università degli Studi di Firenze) on August-2019.

Wednesday, September 18, 2019

Bison priscus Fossil


Bison priscus mammal fossil on display at The Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano (Milan Natural History Museum), Italy as of August 2019. The fossil was found in Serbia. It dates to the upper Pleistocene Epoch (10 million - 80,000 years ago).

Tuesday, September 17, 2019

Turbinopsis shumardi Gastropod Fossil


Here is an image of a Turbinopsis shumardi gastropod fossil. It existed in the Devonian Period (410-360 million years ago). The fossil is on display at the 2nd floor (next to of the MSD Tunnel project exhibit)  Kentucky Science Center - Louisville Kentucky USA.

Learn more about the Kentucky Science Center (aka Louisville Science Center) at their web site:
 https://kysciencecenter.org/

Monday, September 16, 2019

Polished Prismatophyllum Rugose Coral Fossil


Here is an image of a polished Prismatophyllum rugose coral fossil (Petosky Stone). It existed in the Devonian Period (410-360 million years ago). The fossil is on display at the 2nd floor (next to of the MSD Tunnel project exhibit)  Kentucky Science Center - Louisville Kentucky USA.

Learn more about the Kentucky Science Center (aka Louisville Science Center) at their web site:
 https://kysciencecenter.org/